Matching of Indian Accounting Standards with International Accounting Standards

Abhishek Dayal

In a globalized economy, the need for consistent and transparent financial reporting is crucial. India, as a significant player in the global market, has taken substantial steps to align its accounting standards with International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS). This alignment ensures that Indian companies' financial statements are comparable with those of companies worldwide, facilitating cross-border investment and economic integration. This article explores the process, benefits, and challenges of harmonizing Indian Accounting Standards (Ind AS) with International Accounting Standards (IAS/IFRS).

Table of content (toc)

The Evolution of Indian Accounting Standards

The Institute of Chartered Accountants of India (ICAI) is responsible for formulating Indian Accounting Standards. Historically, India followed its own set of accounting standards known as Indian GAAP. However, to enhance global comparability and transparency, the ICAI, in collaboration with the Ministry of Corporate Affairs (MCA), began the process of converging Indian GAAP with IFRS.

Key Steps in the Convergence Process

Notification of Ind AS

In 2011, the MCA notified the roadmap for the convergence of Indian Accounting Standards with IFRS, resulting in the development of Indian Accounting Standards (Ind AS). These standards are substantially converged with IFRS, with some modifications to address the specific legal and economic environment in India.

Phased Implementation

The implementation of Ind AS was carried out in phases. Initially, large listed companies and companies with a net worth exceeding a certain threshold were required to adopt Ind AS. Subsequently, the applicability was extended to other companies, including unlisted ones, in a phased manner.

Ongoing Updates

To ensure that Ind AS remains aligned with IFRS, the ICAI and MCA continuously review and update the standards. This process involves adopting new IFRS standards and amendments, considering any necessary adjustments to fit the Indian context.

Key Differences Between Ind AS and IFRS

While Ind AS is largely converged with IFRS, there are some notable differences to address the specific legal and regulatory requirements in India:

Key Differences Between Ind AS and IFRS
Key Differences Between Ind AS and IFRS

Presentation of Financial Statements (Ind AS 1 vs. IAS 1)

Ind AS 1 allows for certain modifications in the presentation of financial statements to comply with Indian regulatory requirements, such as specific formats mandated by the Companies Act, 2013.

Revenue Recognition (Ind AS 115 vs. IFRS 15)

Ind AS 115 includes additional guidance to address revenue recognition issues specific to Indian industries, such as real estate.

Financial Instruments (Ind AS 109 vs. IFRS 9)

While Ind AS 109 is largely aligned with IFRS 9, there are differences in certain areas like classification and measurement of financial instruments due to regulatory requirements.

Leases (Ind AS 116 vs. IFRS 16)

Ind AS 116 has modifications to reflect specific Indian conditions, such as differences in the treatment of leasehold land.

Related Party Disclosures (Ind AS 24 vs. IAS 24)

Ind AS 24 includes additional disclosure requirements to enhance transparency in related party transactions, reflecting the need for greater scrutiny in the Indian context.

Benefits of Harmonization

Global Comparability

Harmonizing Ind AS with IFRS ensures that Indian companies’ financial statements are comparable with those of companies worldwide, facilitating cross-border investment and economic integration.

Investor Confidence

Adopting global standards enhances the credibility and reliability of financial statements, boosting investor confidence in Indian markets.

Cost Efficiency

Consistent accounting standards reduce the cost and complexity of preparing multiple sets of financial statements according to different national standards, benefiting multinational companies operating in India.

Economic Integration

Harmonization supports India’s integration into the global economy by aligning its financial reporting practices with international norms.

Challenges in Harmonization

Complexity and Adaptation

Converging Indian standards with IFRS involves complex adjustments to accounting systems, processes, and training programs. This adaptation can be particularly challenging for small and medium-sized enterprises.

Regulatory Differences

Differences in regulatory and economic environments necessitate certain modifications to IFRS when developing Ind AS, which can complicate the convergence process.

Continuous Updates

Keeping pace with ongoing updates and amendments to IFRS requires continuous education and adaptation by Indian companies and accounting professionals.

Stakeholder Resistance

Resistance from stakeholders accustomed to traditional Indian accounting practices can pose a challenge to the adoption of Ind AS.


The convergence of Indian Accounting Standards with International Financial Reporting Standards represents a significant step towards integrating India into the global financial system. By ensuring consistency, transparency, and comparability in financial reporting, this harmonization enhances investor confidence and facilitates cross-border economic activities. Despite the challenges associated with this convergence, the benefits far outweigh the complexities, underscoring the importance of adopting international standards in today's interconnected financial landscape. As India continues to evolve its accounting framework, the alignment with global standards will play a crucial role in fostering financial stability and growth.



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